The fragmented regulation of the traineeship in Hungary

Main Article Content

Bernadett Solymosi-Szekeres


The situation of young workers is determined by the legal regulation of work. Of particular interest in this context is the traineeship, which is statistically proven to be the basis for many young people entering the labour market. In this context, it is especially important that national regulations are clear and stable to ensure the security of young workers. The Hungarian national regulations will be examined in this study, starting with statistical data, i.e. the extent to which traineeships are present, and examining the related legal relationships based on the EU conceptual background, with the aim of exploring whether the Hungarian legal framework guarantees status security for young trainees. Based on the legislation, case law and relevant literature, it can be concluded that the Hungarian national legislation on traineeship is fragmented, non-transparent, complex, and generally does not provide an impeccable basis for improving the labour market situation of young people from a labour law or social security perspective, and shows a number of inconsistencies in national and EU labour law.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Solymosi-Szekeres, B. . (2023). The fragmented regulation of the traineeship in Hungary. Stanovnistvo, 61(2), 51–67.
Author Biography

Bernadett Solymosi-Szekeres, Faculty of Law, University of Miskolc, Miskolc (Hungary)

Assistant professor


Act XXV of 2022 on the Central Budget of Hungary in the Year of 2023 (2023, November 24).

Act LXXVII of 2013 on Adult Education (2023, November 24).

Act LXXX of 2019 on Vocational Training (2023, November 24).

Act CXXII of 2019 on the Persons Entitled to Social Security Benefits and the Coverage of these Benefits (2023, November 24).

Act CXXIII of 2004 on promoting the employment of young people starting out on their careers, unemployed people over fifty years of age and people looking for work after caring for a child or a family member, and employment with a scholarship (2022, May 25).

Act CXXV of 2018 on Government Administration (2021, March 31).

Act CXCIX of 2011 on Civil Servants (2023, November 24).

Act CCIV of 2011 on National Higher Education (2016, September 2).

Council Recommendation of 10 March 2014 on a Quality Framework for Traineeships (2014, March 10).

Eurobarometer (2023). Integration of young people into the labour market with particular focus on traineeships – Country Factsheets Hungary (2023).

European Commission (2023a). Eurobarometer survey shows that traineeships help young people land their first job. News.

European Commission (2023b). Study supporting the evaluation of the Quality Framework for Traineeships. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union (Final report, VC/2021/0654).

Government Decree No. 52/2019 on Hungarian Public Administration Scholarship Program (2022, August 12).

Hajdú, J. (2022). The right to fair remuneration for postgraduate interns – the decision of the ECSR in European Youth Forum (YFJ) v. Belgium, Complaint No. 150/2019. Miskolci Jogi Szemle, 17(2), 150–158. DOI:

Müller, K. (2022). The quality of traineeships in the EU – European added value assessment. European Parliamentary Research Service (European Added Value Unit PE 699.459).

Risak, M., & Dullinger, T. (2018). The concept of ‘worker’ in EU law – Status quo and potential for change. Brussels: European Trade Union Institute (Report 140).

Stewart, A., Owens, R., O’Higgins, N., & Hewitt, A. (2021). Internships: A policy and regulatory challenge. In A. Stewart, R. Owens, N. O’Higgins & A. Hewitt (Eds.), Internships, Employability and the Search for Decent Work Experience (pp. S2–16). DOI: DOI: